Dogs primarily communicate through body language. Paying attention to their posture, tail position, ear position, facial expressions, and overall body movements.
Contrary to popular belief, tail wagging does not always indicate friendliness. The position and speed of the wag, along with other body cues, can give you a better understanding.
Dogs have a range of facial expressions that convey their emotions. Raised eyebrows, relaxed eyes, and an open mouth can indicate a relaxed and happy state.
Dogs use various vocalizations to communicate. Barking is the most common form, and its pitch, intensity, and duration can convey different messages.
Dogs are social animals with a hierarchical structure. They naturally seek to establish a social order and understand their place within it.
Dogs have an incredible sense of smell and use it for communication. They can detect pheromones, hormones, and other chemical signals that humans are unable to perceive.
Dogs are highly social animals and form strong bonds with their human companions. They rely on cues from humans to understand expectations, emotions, and boundaries.
Dogs experience a range of emotions, including joy, fear, anxiety, sadness, and contentment. They are attuned to human emotions and can often sense and respond to their owners' moods.